Fighting for Other Nations
As an ancient, thriving Port, Kingston Upon Hulll, has always attracted people and been a City of great diversity. Between 1836-1914, 2.2 million people, mostly from Denmark, Finland, Germany, Norway, Russia and Sweden, passed through Hull, en route, to America, Canada, South Africa and Australia. While some these people stayed, adding to Hull's commerce and culture, other Hull people used these same passenger services, to travel the world and settle overseas. Many Hull men for example, fought for Commonwealth Nations, where they had worked or emigrated. This memorial website, records at least 96 Hull born men, who died fighting for Canada, another 43 who died fighting for Australia and 17 Hull men, who died fighting for New Zealand. Hull men also served throughout the British Army and died fighting with Scottish, Welsh and Irish regiments. They are buried throughout the world and many have no known graves.
One extraordinary, former Hull man, was Captain, Henry Lewis Hulbert, (pictured) who died fighting for the United States, Marine Corps, in France in 1918. Henry Lewis Hulbert, was the son of Henry Ernest and Fanny Jane Hulbert, who lived at John Street, (near Hull's New Theatre), and 2 Cavandish Square, Margaret Street, Hull.
Born to a wealthy Hull family, on the 12th January 1867, Henry Hulbert began a promising Diplomatic career in Malaya. However, after a scandalous divorce, he emigrated to America where he joined the US Marines as a private soldier. Due to his education and fine character, Henry Lewis Hulbert quickly caught the attention of his supervisors.
When America joined the First World War in 1917, Henry Lewis Hulbert, was 50 years old and too old for active service. However, due to his experience and fitness, Senior Officers campaigned for him to join the American Expeditionary Force. Henry Lewis Hulbert performed at least three acts of heroism during his short service in France. He was eventually killed at Belleau Wood on the 4th October 1918, leading the 5th US Marine Corp. Henry Lewis Hulbert, was awarded the Distinguished Service Cross, the first United States Marine to do so. He is one on America's most decorated soldiers, and he came from Hull.During the American - Samoa War of 1889, Henry Lewis Hulbert was awarded the 'Medal of Honor', while valiantly protecting a wounded officer in a rearguard action. It was America's highest decoration for bravery and he was promoted. Henry Lewis Hulbert's extraordinary story is told in the following link.
There were also many German born men, from Hull, who fought for Britain during the First World war. Max Schultz for example, was a German, who spied for Britain and lived in Coltman Street. Harry Weston, born in Germany in 1885, was a former Hull Policeman. His father was Irish and his mother German and they lived at 1 Anne's Place, Oxford Street, Hull. Pte, Harry Weston was killed with the 12th East Yorkshires at Ypres, on 13th November 1916. Similarly, Fred and William Grahn, from Wellsted Street, both died fighting for Britain in the War. While they were both born in Yorkshire, they came from a German family. Samuel Vromans, who worked as a German Interpreter, died of influenza, on the 16th October 1918. Lieutenant, Robert Max Skelsey, RFA, was killed at Arras in March 1918. He was born in Germany and educated at Hymer's College in Hull.
Theodore Shultz, was a seaman, born in Stettin Germany in 1867. He was lost on the Minesweeper 'Arabis' on the 10th Febraury 1916, trying to fight off three German destroyers in the North Sea. Frederick Schmidt, was another German born sailor. He was lost at sea, aged 60, on the Hull Trawler 'GITANO', in 1918.
Private Edward John GOHL 11/489. was born in August 1889. He was the second of ten children to Julius and Susannah Gohl of 49 Waverley Street, Hull. His father Julius Grohl was born in Germany and emigrated to become a well known confectioner in Hull and Withernsea. His shop was located at 6 George Street Hull. A Shop Assistant by trade, Edward Gohl enlisted at City Hall on 8th September 1914, aged 25. Four days later he was promoted to Corporal and remained so throughout training and the posting to Egypt, on the 11th December 1915, to defend the Suez Canal. He arrived in France on 7th March 1916. The East Yorkshire were then transported to the village of Serre, to prepare for 'The Big Push'. In June 1916, Edward was promoted again, this time to acting Sergeant. After eight months of landing on French soil, Edward was killed in action on 23rd December 1916. His body was never recovered and he is commemorated on the Thiepval Memorial to the missing on the Somme. He was only 27 years old. Edwards siblings also served. His brothers were Charles Gohl, RASC, who served in France 1917-18; Harry Gohl, RE's, France 1915-18; Richard Gohl who joined the Navy c 1917 and his sister Louisa Gohl who was VAD Nurse in France in 1916. (For more information on the Gohl family, please see the family link, kindly forwarded to me by Brian Gohl. (www.gohlfamily.org)
Myer Hessleberg, was born in Latvia. He lived at 134 Porter Street, and worked as a boot repairer. He served as Private, 45981, with the 16th Northumberland Fusiliers, and was killed in action, on 20th September 1917, aged 19.
John Siplane, Thomas Tamm, Jes Tinchin and Gustav Adolf, were all Russian born sailors, lost on Hull ships.
Samuel Abrahamson, born in Russia, lived at 92 Osborne Street, and was well known in the Hull Market Place, as a shoe maker. He fought for the 38th British Royal Fusiliers (Jewish Division) and died in Jerusalem, on the 14th October 1918, aged 27.
Louis Cuckle born in Russia, lived at 19 Lukes Street, Hull. He was the son of Sophia Cuckle, at 18 Oxford terrace, Porter Street. He joined the Seaforth Highlanders in June 1915 and had been on active service for eight months. He was killed on the Somme, a month before his 22nd Birthday, on the 24th July 1916. He was one of Hull's many Jewish casualties in the First World War. His death was reported in the Hull Daily Mail on the 17th August 1916, with his photograph.
Private, Myer Black was born in Russia in 1895. Myer was one of ten children, five brothers and five sisters, to Abraham Black of 35 Porter Street, Hull. The family had left Russia for a new life in the West and set up home in Hull, a city that was then a thriving port and fishing town. A Tailor by trade, he enlisted to fight for his adopted country on 10th September 1914 and joined the fledgling 11th Battalion East Yorkshire Regiment, 'The Tradesmen', 2nd Hull Pals. Myer fought in Egypt and on the Somme and he was killed at Serre, on the 13th November 1916. He is buried at Euston Road Cemetery; he was 21 years old. Myer's name is also commemorated on the family grave in the Hebrew Cemetery in Marfleet, Hull.
Haralasbos Augatheaus, was born in Cyprus and lived in Hull. He enlisted in Beverley and died in Greece on the 25th October 1916, serving with the 2nd South Staffordshire Regiment.
Emanuel Kariothis, from Crete, was lost in enemy action, on the Hull ship 'Colenso' on the 13th November 1915, aged 18.
John Calaseres, born in Greece in 1888, served on the Hull ship 'Wolverton' and died at sea, on the 13th March 1915.
George Gilimbis, born in Syria, lived at 5 Hull's Place, Osbourne Street. He died at sea on the steam ship, 'Cambric', on the 31st October 1917, aged 34. Nicholas Angelo, born in Greece, was lost on the same Hull ship, aged 38.
Gunner, James Francis Brocklehurst, born in Vancouver , Canada, was the second son of James and Mary Brocklehurst, at 56 Plane Street. He served in the Hull Pals and was killed at Serre, on 13th November 1916, aged 21. Before the war he worked in the Hull Fruit Trade. A keen cricketer, he also ran for the Hull and District Harriers, based at Calvert Lane. He competed in the eight mile championship race in Hull, on 21st February 2014, in which eight of the nineteen runners, died in the war. His elder brother, William Brocklehurst, served in the East Yorkshire Heavy Artillery, in East Africa.
COMPANY SERGEANT MAJOR, THOMAS CHAPMAN. 12/96, was born in St. John's, New Brunswick, USA in 1865. Thomas moved to the UK and married Maud May Wingham in July 1902. The couple lived at 74 Francis Street, Hull and Thomas worked as a Hall Porter in a Club to make ends meet. At the time of enlistment, he was aged 49. He could have left the fight to younger men of military age. but instead queued outside Hull City Hall to join the 12th Battalion East Yorkshire Regiment, 'The Sportsmen', 3rd Hull Pals. He never saw combat. He died on 27th January 1916, having not travelled to Egypt, when the battalion shipped out before Christmas. Thomas Chapman is buried in Hull Western Cemetery; he was 50 years old.
Frank Bertram Harvey, another American, was born in Philadelphia, USA in 1876. He lived in Bean Street, Hull, with his wife and four children. He served in the Merchant Navy, and was killed at sea on 20th February 1918, aged 42. Thomas Smith, born in the USA and boarding at 21 Osbourne Street, sank with Trawler, 'Hildago', on 28th August 1917, aged 29. Alfred Wolfunberg, another American sailor, living in Hull, was lost at sea, on 23rd march 1918, aged 24.
Hans Van De Meir, Jans Cetal and Bastien Van Dyke, were all Dutch born sailors, living in Hull, lost in the war.
Henry Ferguson, from Durban, South Africa, lived at 43 Holland Street. He drowned on the SS Polandia, on 10th March 1917, aged 25.
Kustav Karlson (36) of Soderby, Liljendal, Finland, Julius Larsen (52), born Nyborg, Denmark, Henri Bosted (49) born Norway, Ernest Burkhalter (29), born Switzerland; and Alfred Westerlund (37), born Sweden, were all Hull based sailors, lost on the Hull ship 'DIDO', on the 26th February 1916.
Adam Abdul, from India, and Joe Bassey (28), Ben Caffey (22), Aubree Garner (27) and Joe Smith (27), all from Sierre Leone, served on Hull ships, and died together on the Trawler 'Hildago', on 28th August 1917.